Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 04/30/2020

Month EndAs of 04/30/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 05/01/1995
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -9.70 -0.21 1.07 4.62 6.47
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -10.56 -0.21 1.07 4.62 6.47
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 05/01/1995
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -12.19 -1.69 0.66 4.40 6.30
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -13.03 -1.69 0.66 4.40 6.30
Blended 50% MSCI USA High Dividend Yield Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Very Liquid Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Index (%) -5.85 2.73 4.67 7.76
S&P 500 Index (%) -6.98 5.10 6.72 10.53 8.76

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 04/30/2020

Month EndAs of 04/30/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -11.30 -1.91 -0.66 2.82
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -5.52 -0.70 0.23 3.00
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -12.16 -1.91 -0.66 2.82
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -6.03 -0.70 0.23 3.00
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -13.70 -3.35 -1.05 2.62
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -6.92 -1.76 -0.04 2.86
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -14.54 -3.35 -1.05 2.62
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -7.42 -1.76 -0.04 2.86

Calendar Year Returns

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 14.92 -5.73 8.22 15.52 -8.61 3.55 14.00 12.97 2.28 12.23
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 13.92 -6.63 7.22 14.52 -9.48 2.56 13.00 11.97 1.31 11.23
Blended 50% MSCI USA High Dividend Yield Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Very Liquid Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Index (%) 17.28 -1.61 12.18 12.88 -0.68 9.42 14.90 10.21 10.74 13.53
S&P 500 Index (%) 31.49 -4.38 21.83 11.96 1.38 13.69 32.39 16.00 2.11 15.06

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 04/30/2020

Month EndAs of 04/30/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 05/01/1995
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -11.67 -12.45 -9.70 -0.61 5.45 57.08 379.00
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -12.54 -13.32 -10.56 -0.61 5.45 57.08 379.00
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 05/01/1995
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -16.26 -16.26 -12.19 -4.98 3.35 53.89 358.16
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -17.09 -17.09 -13.03 -4.98 3.35 53.89 358.16
Blended 50% MSCI USA High Dividend Yield Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Very Liquid Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Index (%) -13.24 -13.24 -5.85 8.40 25.67 111.22
S&P 500 Index (%) -19.60 -19.60 -6.98 16.11 38.47 172.10 710.71

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 05/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 10.61 10.00 9.21
Standard Deviation (Blended 50% MSCI USA High Dividend Yield Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Very Liquid Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Index) 9.30 8.27 7.34
Beta 1.09 1.13 1.17
Sharpe Ratio -0.13 0.06 0.54
Information Ratio -1.52 -1.25 -1.00
Tracking Error 3.25 3.67 3.57

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 02/01/2020 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 1.12%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 1.12%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 05/31/2020 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 1.09
Sharpe Ratio -0.13
Standard Deviation 10.61

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • Blended 50% MSCI USA High Dividend Yield Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Very Liquid Index + 25% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Index
  • S&P 500 Index