Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 09/30/2019

Month EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 3.54 5.85 4.14 5.53 5.96
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 3.54 5.85 4.14 5.53 5.96
Quarter EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 3.54 5.85 4.14 5.53 5.96
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 3.54 5.85 4.14 5.53 5.96
Blended Benchmark (%) 5.61 5.29 4.83 5.98 5.70
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 1.95 10.31 7.23 8.93 6.69
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 7.54 1.81 2.14 2.55

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 09/30/2019

Month EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 1.30 4.52 2.72 4.31
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 2.70 4.14 2.79 4.03
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 1.30 4.52 2.72 4.31
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 2.70 4.14 2.79 4.03
Quarter EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 1.30 4.52 2.72 4.31
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 2.70 4.14 2.79 4.03
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 1.30 4.52 2.72 4.31
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 2.70 4.14 2.79 4.03

Calendar Year Returns

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -3.11 10.99 4.69 -1.93 3.79 10.81
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -3.11 10.99 4.69 -1.93 3.79 10.81
Blended Benchmark (%) -4.30 14.24 5.29 -2.51 6.83 9.76
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -8.93 24.62 8.49 -1.84 4.71 23.44
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -1.36 7.69 2.84 -3.29 0.47 -2.19

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 09/30/2019

Month EndAs of 09/30/2019 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 0.42 10.02 3.54 18.58 22.49 71.37 272.83
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 0.42 10.02 3.54 18.58 22.49 71.37 272.83
Quarter EndAs of 09/30/2019 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 0.42 10.02 3.54 18.58 22.49 71.37 272.83
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 0.42 10.02 3.54 18.58 22.49 71.37 272.83
Blended Benchmark (%) 0.45 10.63 5.61 16.71 26.61 78.68 252.58
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 0.10 16.71 1.95 34.19 41.79 135.15 336.37
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 0.63 6.45 7.54 5.52 11.15 28.58

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 10/31/2019 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 5.07 5.58 6.06
Standard Deviation (Blended Benchmark) 5.43 5.79 5.62
Alpha 0.46 -0.25 -0.43
Beta 0.85 0.85 1.00
Sharpe Ratio 0.94 0.55 0.85
Information Ratio -0.13 -0.32 -0.22
Tracking Error 2.33 2.78 2.32
R-Squared 0.82 0.78 0.85

ADDITIONAL RISK STATISTICSAs of 10/31/2019 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Correlation Coefficient 0.90 0.88 0.92
Beta Bull 0.79 0.87 0.98
Beta Bear 1.04 1.03 1.16
Bull Bear Capture Ratio 1.11 0.98 0.95
% of Positive Months 77.78 70.00 66.67
Gains/Losses 2.59 1.77 2.01
Maximum Drawdown
5.89 8.46 8.46

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 05/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 0.91%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 0.80%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 10/31/2019 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.85
Sharpe Ratio 0.94
Standard Deviation 5.07

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • Blended Benchmark
  • MSCI All Country World Index
  • Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index