Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2020

Month EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -5.53 2.65 2.87 5.24 6.01
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -5.53 2.65 2.87 5.24 6.01
Blended Benchmark (%) -4.92 2.82 3.33 5.77 5.77
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -10.76 2.05 3.41 6.45 5.85
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 3.47 3.36 2.67 2.58
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -5.53 2.65 2.87 5.24 6.01
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -5.53 2.65 2.87 5.24 6.01
Blended Benchmark (%) -4.92 2.82 3.33 5.77 5.77
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -10.76 2.05 3.41 6.45 5.85
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 3.47 3.36 2.67 2.58

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2020

Month EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -7.73 0.53 1.11 3.81
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -1.66 1.96 2.09 3.96
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -7.73 0.53 1.11 3.81
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -1.66 1.96 2.09 3.96
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -7.73 0.53 1.11 3.81
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -1.66 1.96 2.09 3.96
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -7.73 0.53 1.11 3.81
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -1.66 1.96 2.09 3.96

Calendar Year Returns

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 17.81 -4.49 15.40 5.34 -1.59 4.52 14.75
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 17.81 -4.49 15.40 5.34 -1.59 4.52 14.75
Blended Benchmark (%) 19.07 -5.82 17.62 6.42 -2.22 7.13 14.48 10.66 1.80
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 27.30 -8.93 24.62 8.49 -1.84 4.71 23.44 16.80 -6.86
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 7.13 -1.36 7.69 2.84 -3.29 0.47 -2.19 4.84 5.55

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2020

Month EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -12.45 -12.45 -5.53 8.16 15.19 66.72 288.69
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -12.45 -12.45 -5.53 8.16 15.19 66.72 288.69
Blended Benchmark (%) -13.52 -13.52 -4.92 8.71 17.81 75.19 268.13
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -21.26 -21.26 -10.76 6.28 18.27 86.80 274.77
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -1.11 -1.11 3.47 10.44 14.08 28.99
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -12.45 -12.45 -5.53 8.16 15.19 66.72 288.69
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -12.45 -12.45 -5.53 8.16 15.19 66.72 288.69
Blended Benchmark (%) -13.52 -13.52 -4.92 8.71 17.81 75.19 268.13
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -21.26 -21.26 -10.76 6.28 18.27 86.80 274.77
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -1.11 -1.11 3.47 10.44 14.08 28.99

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 03/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 9.17 8.59 8.28
Standard Deviation (Blended Benchmark) 9.45 8.84 8.16
Alpha -0.12 -0.32 -0.41
Beta 0.95 0.94 0.99
Sharpe Ratio 0.10 0.21 0.56
Information Ratio -0.09 -0.21 -0.27
Tracking Error 1.78 2.17 1.94
R-Squared 0.96 0.94 0.95

ADDITIONAL RISK STATISTICSAs of 03/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Correlation Coefficient 0.98 0.97 0.97
Beta Bull 0.87 0.91 0.99
Beta Bear 1.03 1.08 1.09
Bull Bear Capture Ratio 0.99 0.97 0.97
% of Positive Months 75.00 71.67 65.83
Gains/Losses 1.30 1.34 1.66
Maximum Drawdown
12.62 12.62 12.62

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 05/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 0.86%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 0.80%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 03/31/2020 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.95
Alpha -0.12
Sharpe Ratio 0.10
R-Squared 0.96
Standard Deviation 9.17

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • Blended Benchmark
  • MSCI All Country World Index
  • Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index