Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2020

Month EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1992
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -21.69 -6.68 -2.26 3.52 9.24
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -26.00 -8.43 -3.36 2.93 9.01
MSCI World Index (%) -9.87 2.49 3.83 7.17 7.35
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1992
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -21.69 -6.68 -2.26 3.52 9.24
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -26.00 -8.43 -3.36 2.93 9.01
MSCI World Index (%) -9.87 2.49 3.83 7.17 7.35

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2020

Month EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -22.98 -8.09 -3.84 2.17
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -11.27 -4.64 -1.44 3.00
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -27.21 -9.81 -4.92 1.59
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -13.91 -5.93 -2.26 2.52
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -22.98 -8.09 -3.84 2.17
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -11.27 -4.64 -1.44 3.00
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -27.21 -9.81 -4.92 1.59
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -13.91 -5.93 -2.26 2.52

Calendar Year Returns

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 24.37 -10.99 9.57 12.56 -3.63 5.01 25.26 13.34 -2.99 11.08
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 17.54 -15.89 3.25 6.09 -9.16 -1.04 18.08 6.81 -8.57 4.69
MSCI World Index (%) 28.40 -8.20 23.07 8.15 -0.32 5.50 27.37 16.54 -5.02 12.34

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2020

Month EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1992
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -30.06 -30.06 -21.69 -18.73 -10.78 41.32 1,010.31
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -33.91 -33.91 -26.00 -23.21 -15.69 33.53 949.20
MSCI World Index (%) -20.93 -20.93 -9.87 7.67 20.69 99.91 591.11
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1992
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -30.06 -30.06 -21.69 -18.73 -10.78 41.32 1,010.31
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -33.91 -33.91 -26.00 -23.21 -15.69 33.53 949.20
MSCI World Index (%) -20.93 -20.93 -9.87 7.67 20.69 99.91 591.11

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 03/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 16.83 14.73 13.04
Standard Deviation (MSCI World Index) 14.61 13.45 13.79
Beta 1.10 1.04 0.89
Sharpe Ratio -0.50 -0.23 0.22
Information Ratio -1.73 -1.27 -0.78
Tracking Error 5.31 4.79 4.66

ADDITIONAL RISK STATISTICSAs of 03/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Beta Bull 1.03 0.87 0.76
Beta Bear 1.21 1.21 1.07
Bull Bear Capture Ratio 0.62 0.71 0.81
Gains/Losses 0.76 0.94 1.30

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 05/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 1.23%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 1.23%
Max Initial Sales Charge 5.50%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 03/31/2020 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 1.10
Sharpe Ratio -0.50
Standard Deviation 16.83

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • MSCI World Index