Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 05/31/2020

Month EndAs of 05/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 4.22 3.28 2.62 4.21 4.76
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 3.24 3.28 2.62 4.21 4.76
Blended Benchmark (%) 5.99 4.60 4.57 5.94 5.59
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 5.98 5.74 5.85 9.05 6.46
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 5.22 3.37 3.34 3.02
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -4.95 1.02 1.13 3.07 4.42
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -5.84 1.02 1.13 3.07 4.42
Blended Benchmark (%) -2.07 3.08 3.18 4.87 5.29
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -10.76 2.05 3.41 6.45 5.85
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 3.47 3.36 2.67 2.58

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 05/31/2020

Month EndAs of 05/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 2.54 1.95 1.48 3.25
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 3.43 2.32 1.83 3.12
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 1.56 1.95 1.48 3.25
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 2.85 2.32 1.83 3.12
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -6.48 -0.28 0.01 2.11
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -1.92 0.68 0.75 2.24
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -7.37 -0.28 0.01 2.11
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -2.45 0.68 0.75 2.24

Calendar Year Returns

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 12.35 -4.14 9.80 3.55 -2.96 2.58 9.61 7.09 -1.38 9.12
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 11.35 -5.04 8.80 2.55 -3.88 1.59 8.61 6.09 -2.35 8.12
Blended Benchmark (%) 15.03 -4.30 14.24 5.29 -2.51 6.83 9.76 8.36 2.52 8.30
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 27.30 -8.93 24.62 8.49 -1.84 4.71 23.44 16.80 -6.86 13.21
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 7.13 -1.36 7.69 2.84 -3.29 0.47 -2.19 4.84 5.55 5.84

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 05/31/2020

Month EndAs of 05/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 0.46 -1.73 4.22 10.17 13.80 51.11 197.11
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -0.54 -2.71 3.24 10.17 13.80 51.11 197.11
Blended Benchmark (%) 0.22 -2.42 5.99 14.44 25.07 78.16 257.74
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 0.10 -8.94 5.98 18.25 32.92 137.89 333.41
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -0.14 1.57 5.22 10.44 17.84 34.63
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -9.66 -9.66 -4.95 3.10 5.77 35.25 173.14
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -10.56 -10.56 -5.84 3.10 5.77 35.25 173.14
Blended Benchmark (%) -9.49 -9.49 -2.07 9.54 16.95 60.91 231.82
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -21.26 -21.26 -10.76 6.28 18.27 86.80 274.77
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -1.11 -1.11 3.47 10.44 14.08 28.99

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 06/30/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 7.81 7.12 6.64
Standard Deviation (Blended Benchmark) 7.68 7.11 6.25
Alpha -1.38 -1.67 -1.68
Beta 0.98 0.93 1.00
Sharpe Ratio 0.26 0.29 0.58
Information Ratio -0.72 -0.78 -0.80
Tracking Error 2.11 2.61 2.27
R-Squared 0.93 0.87 0.88

ADDITIONAL RISK STATISTICSAs of 06/30/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Correlation Coefficient 0.96 0.93 0.94
Beta Bull 0.92 0.92 1.00
Beta Bear 1.11 1.09 1.11
Bull Bear Capture Ratio 0.87 0.83 0.83
Gains/Losses 1.52 1.48 1.71

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 05/01/2020 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 1.63%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 1.63%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 06/30/2020 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.98
Sharpe Ratio 0.26
Standard Deviation 7.81

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • Blended Benchmark
  • MSCI All Country World Index
  • Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index