Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 09/30/2019

Month EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 2.42 4.69 3.02 4.38 4.85
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 1.46 4.69 3.02 4.38 4.85
Quarter EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 2.42 4.69 3.02 4.38 4.85
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 1.46 4.69 3.02 4.38 4.85
Blended Benchmark (%) 5.61 5.29 4.83 5.98 5.70
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 1.95 10.31 7.23 8.93 6.69
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 7.54 1.81 2.14 2.55

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 09/30/2019

Month EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 0.61 3.78 1.99 3.53
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 2.05 3.41 2.09 3.25
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -0.35 3.78 1.99 3.53
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 1.48 3.41 2.09 3.25
Quarter EndAs of 09/30/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 0.61 3.78 1.99 3.53
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 2.05 3.41 2.09 3.25
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -0.35 3.78 1.99 3.53
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 1.48 3.41 2.09 3.25

Calendar Year Returns

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -4.14 9.80 3.55 -2.96 2.58 9.61 7.09 -1.38 9.12 18.84
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -5.04 8.80 2.55 -3.88 1.59 8.61 6.09 -2.35 8.12 17.84
Blended Benchmark (%) -4.30 14.24 5.29 -2.51 6.83 9.76 8.36 2.52 8.30 13.76
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -8.93 24.62 8.49 -1.84 4.71 23.44 16.80 -6.86 13.21 35.41
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -1.36 7.69 2.84 -3.29 0.47 -2.19 4.84 5.55 5.84 8.04

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 09/30/2019

Month EndAs of 09/30/2019 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 0.15 9.12 2.42 14.75 16.06 53.53 193.66
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -0.84 8.12 1.46 14.75 16.06 53.53 193.66
Quarter EndAs of 09/30/2019 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 0.15 9.12 2.42 14.75 16.06 53.53 193.66
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -0.84 8.12 1.46 14.75 16.06 53.53 193.66
Blended Benchmark (%) 0.45 10.63 5.61 16.71 26.61 78.68 252.58
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 0.10 16.71 1.95 34.19 41.79 135.15 336.37
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 0.63 6.45 7.54 5.52 11.15 28.58

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 10/31/2019 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 5.05 5.56 6.04
Standard Deviation (Blended Benchmark) 5.43 5.79 5.62
Alpha -0.59 -1.32 -1.52
Beta 0.85 0.85 0.99
Sharpe Ratio 0.72 0.35 0.66
Information Ratio -0.61 -0.72 -0.72
Tracking Error 2.32 2.75 2.30
R-Squared 0.82 0.78 0.85

ADDITIONAL RISK STATISTICSAs of 10/31/2019 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Correlation Coefficient 0.90 0.88 0.92
Beta Bull 0.78 0.86 0.97
Beta Bear 1.04 1.03 1.16
Bull Bear Capture Ratio 0.94 0.83 0.83
% of Positive Months 77.78 70.00 66.67
Gains/Losses 2.26 1.53 1.77
Maximum Drawdown
6.27 9.16 9.16

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 05/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 1.88%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 1.88%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 10/31/2019 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.85
Sharpe Ratio 0.72
Standard Deviation 5.05

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • Blended Benchmark
  • MSCI All Country World Index
  • Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index