Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 05/31/2020

Month EndAs of 05/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 6.59 5.51 4.98 7.56 6.17
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 6.59 5.51 4.98 7.56 6.17
Blended Benchmark (%) 6.14 5.46 5.51 8.91 6.62
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 5.98 5.74 5.85 9.05 6.46
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 5.22 3.37 3.34 3.02
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -8.39 2.18 2.57 5.62 5.62
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -8.39 2.18 2.57 5.62 5.62
Blended Benchmark (%) -7.82 2.48 3.41 6.87 6.11
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -10.76 2.05 3.41 6.45 5.85
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 3.47 3.36 2.67 2.58

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 05/31/2020

Month EndAs of 05/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 4.04 3.39 3.24 6.40
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 5.85 4.16 3.74 6.02
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 4.04 3.39 3.24 6.40
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 5.85 4.16 3.74 6.02
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -10.58 0.12 0.87 4.48
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -2.87 1.84 2.05 4.48
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -10.58 0.12 0.87 4.48
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -2.87 1.84 2.05 4.48

Calendar Year Returns

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 21.56 -6.68 19.17 5.12 -1.93 4.72 20.67 10.22 -3.40 14.02
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 21.56 -6.68 19.17 5.12 -1.93 4.72 20.67 10.22 -3.40 14.02
Blended Benchmark (%) 23.16 -7.32 21.06 7.44 -2.00 7.61 22.74 13.98 -0.41 11.76
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 27.30 -8.93 24.62 8.49 -1.84 4.71 23.44 16.80 -6.86 13.21
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) 7.13 -1.36 7.69 2.84 -3.29 0.47 -2.19 4.84 5.55 5.84

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 05/31/2020

Month EndAs of 05/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 1.92 -4.46 6.59 17.46 27.50 107.29 306.43
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 1.92 -4.46 6.59 17.46 27.50 107.29 306.43
Blended Benchmark (%) 0.23 -6.70 6.14 17.29 30.76 134.90 348.55
MSCI All Country World Index (%) 0.10 -8.94 5.98 18.25 32.92 137.89 333.41
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -0.14 1.57 5.22 10.44 17.84 34.63
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2020 3 Month YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 12/31/1996
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -16.27 -16.27 -8.39 6.67 13.51 72.76 256.19
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -16.27 -16.27 -8.39 6.67 13.51 72.76 256.19
Blended Benchmark (%) -17.44 -17.44 -7.82 7.62 18.25 94.37 296.91
MSCI All Country World Index (%) -21.26 -21.26 -10.76 6.28 18.27 86.80 274.77
Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index (%) -1.11 -1.11 3.47 10.44 14.08 28.99

MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY (MPT) STATISTICSAs of 05/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Standard Deviation (Fund) 12.96 11.64 10.83
Standard Deviation (Blended Benchmark) 13.10 11.84 11.06
Alpha 0.12 -0.39 -0.95
Beta 0.98 0.97 0.96
Sharpe Ratio 0.30 0.33 0.64
Information Ratio 0.03 -0.31 -0.67
Tracking Error 1.78 1.73 2.03
R-Squared 0.98 0.98 0.97

ADDITIONAL RISK STATISTICSAs of 05/31/2020 (updated monthly)

3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Correlation Coefficient 0.99 0.99 0.98
Beta Bull 1.00 0.96 0.98
Beta Bear 1.02 1.02 1.05
Bull Bear Capture Ratio 1.00 0.97 0.94
% of Positive Months 72.22 68.33 65.00
Gains/Losses 1.47 1.46 1.75
Maximum Drawdown
16.27 16.27 16.27

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 05/01/2020 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 1.19%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 1.19%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 05/31/2020 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.98
Alpha 0.12
Sharpe Ratio 0.30
R-Squared 0.98
Standard Deviation 12.96

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • Blended Benchmark
  • MSCI All Country World Index
  • Bloomberg Barclays Multiverse Index