Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 06/30/2019

Month EndAs of 08/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 3.60 9.39 7.38 11.13 8.67
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -2.08 7.35 6.17 10.50 8.47
S&P 500 Index (%) 2.92 12.71 10.12 13.45 10.32
Quarter EndAs of 06/30/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 9.85 10.79 7.67 12.31 8.73
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 3.82 8.72 6.46 11.67 8.54
S&P 500 Index (%) 10.42 14.20 10.71 14.70 10.39

Calendar Year Returns

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -4.67 15.96 11.75 -0.90 9.12 29.28 11.85 1.47 15.86 26.42
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -9.91 9.28 5.34 -6.61 2.85 21.84 5.40 -4.37 9.18 19.16
S&P 500 Index (%) -4.38 21.83 11.96 1.38 13.69 32.39 16.00 2.11 15.06 26.46

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 06/30/2019

Month EndAs of 08/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 14.22 3.60 30.90 42.77 187.24 1,266.77
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 7.92 -2.08 23.72 34.92 171.40 1,191.83
S&P 500 Index (%) 18.34 2.92 43.15 61.89 253.08 2,099.36
Quarter EndAs of 06/30/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 14.76 9.85 35.99 44.70 219.27 1,273.24
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 8.43 3.82 28.51 36.76 201.60 1,197.95
S&P 500 Index (%) 18.54 10.42 48.89 66.33 294.16 2,103.10

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 06/30/2019

Month EndAs of 08/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 1.80 7.82 5.81 10.04
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 2.92 7.06 5.50 9.03
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -3.79 5.82 4.62 9.42
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -0.49 5.46 4.53 8.47
Quarter EndAs of 06/30/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 7.93 9.21 6.08 11.20
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 6.65 8.16 5.72 10.07
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 2.01 7.17 4.88 10.57
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 3.04 6.53 4.75 9.50

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 03/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 0.85%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 0.84%
Max Initial Sales Charge 5.50%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 08/31/2019 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.83
Sharpe Ratio 0.77
Standard Deviation 10.27

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • S&P 500 Index