Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 12/31/2019

Month EndAs of 02/29/2020 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 3.08 6.30 6.26 9.98 8.48
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -2.59 4.32 5.07 9.36 8.29
S&P 500 Index (%) 8.19 9.87 9.23 12.65 10.22
Quarter EndAs of 12/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since InceptionInception 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 25.48 11.52 8.96 11.04 8.89
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 18.56 9.45 7.74 10.41 8.70
S&P 500 Index (%) 31.49 15.28 11.70 13.56 10.57

Calendar Year Returns

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 25.48 -4.67 15.96 11.75 -0.90 9.12 29.28 11.85 1.47 15.86
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 18.56 -9.91 9.28 5.34 -6.61 2.85 21.84 5.40 -4.37 9.18
S&P 500 Index (%) 31.49 -4.38 21.83 11.96 1.38 13.69 32.39 16.00 2.11 15.06

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 12/31/2019

Month EndAs of 02/29/2020 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -10.09 3.08 20.12 35.47 158.94 1,250.04
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -15.04 -2.59 13.53 28.04 144.73 1,176.02
S&P 500 Index (%) -8.27 8.19 32.62 55.49 229.18 2,141.68
Quarter EndAs of 12/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 25.48 25.48 38.71 53.61 184.92 1,401.54
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 18.56 18.56 31.10 45.18 169.18 1,319.21
S&P 500 Index (%) 31.49 31.49 53.17 73.86 256.66 2,343.73

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 12/31/2019

Month EndAs of 02/29/2020 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 1.86 4.94 4.88 8.85
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 2.81 4.82 4.76 8.07
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -3.75 2.98 3.70 8.24
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -0.60 3.30 3.83 7.53
Quarter EndAs of 12/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 24.00 10.09 7.53 9.89
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 16.08 8.83 6.84 8.92
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 17.16 8.04 6.33 9.26
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 11.92 7.19 5.85 8.36

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 03/01/2020 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 0.87%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 0.86%
Max Initial Sales Charge 5.50%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 02/29/2020 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.88
Sharpe Ratio 0.39
Standard Deviation 11.70

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • S&P 500 Index