Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -8.78 1.69 -7.47 1.95 3.36
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -13.80 -0.20 -8.51 1.38 2.81
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) -0.80 6.61 -0.88 5.22 1.54
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) -0.53 6.35 0.07 6.20 3.75
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -16.34 3.63 -6.25 4.33 3.49
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -20.94 1.71 -7.30 3.74 2.94
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) -14.81 7.21 0.93 7.87 1.32
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) -8.91 7.53 1.86 9.14 3.79

Calendar Year Returns

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -20.62 22.82 4.97 -21.99 -15.14 16.89 24.96 -18.87 18.59 43.99
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -24.96 15.80 -1.10 -26.49 -20.01 10.14 17.78 -23.52 11.78 35.71
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) -16.20 32.32 3.16 -14.07 7.21 26.32 9.25 -18.38 24.24 11.72
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) -12.71 29.11 5.18 -15.51 8.28 14.71 18.32 -17.91 24.73 27.93

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 5.40 -8.78 5.15 -32.17 21.30 42.05
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -0.36 -13.80 -0.61 -35.91 14.65 34.26
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) 9.56 -0.80 21.16 -4.33 66.37 17.59
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) 8.33 -0.53 20.27 0.35 82.51 47.87
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 6.26 -16.34 11.30 -27.57 52.82 43.20
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 0.45 -20.94 5.21 -31.55 44.35 35.35
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) 6.90 -14.81 23.20 4.75 113.31 14.73
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) 8.09 -8.91 24.32 9.66 139.73 47.55

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -7.79 2.29 -7.91 1.47
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -4.23 1.99 -5.24 1.65
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -12.86 0.39 -8.95 0.90
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -7.26 0.53 -5.97 1.20
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -15.44 4.25 -6.70 3.85
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -8.80 3.51 -4.37 3.58
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -20.09 2.31 -7.74 3.26
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -11.57 2.01 -5.12 3.09

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 04/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 2.31%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 2.01%
Max Initial Sales Charge 5.50%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 05/31/2019 Updated Monthly, based on a 1-year period

Beta 0.76
Sharpe Ratio 0.03
Standard Deviation 12.63

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • MSCI Frontier Markets Index
  • MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index

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