Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 3.59 9.11 6.91 11.71 8.56
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -2.09 7.06 5.71 11.07 8.37
S&P 500 Index (%) 3.78 11.73 9.66 13.95 10.18
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 7.89 10.46 7.67 13.35 8.67
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 1.96 8.40 6.46 12.71 8.48
S&P 500 Index (%) 9.50 13.52 10.91 15.92 10.33

Calendar Year Returns

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -4.67 15.96 11.75 -0.90 9.12 29.28 11.85 1.47 15.86 26.42
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -9.91 9.28 5.34 -6.61 2.85 21.84 5.40 -4.37 9.18 19.16
S&P 500 Index (%) -4.38 21.83 11.96 1.38 13.69 32.39 16.00 2.11 15.06 26.46

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 8.56 3.59 29.88 39.67 202.60 1,198.97
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 2.57 -2.09 22.72 31.97 185.87 1,127.75
S&P 500 Index (%) 10.74 3.78 39.45 58.59 268.94 1,958.06
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 03/15/1988
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 10.53 7.89 34.78 44.70 250.08 1,222.57
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 4.43 1.96 27.38 36.73 230.90 1,150.06
S&P 500 Index (%) 13.65 9.50 46.25 67.81 338.09 2,012.20

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 1.89 7.56 5.36 10.63
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 3.07 6.92 5.19 9.59
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -3.70 5.55 4.18 10.00
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -0.34 5.31 4.23 9.03
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold 6.12 8.90 6.09 12.24
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold 5.62 7.97 5.77 11.03
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold 0.29 6.87 4.90 11.61
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold 2.06 6.34 4.80 10.46

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 03/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 0.85%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 0.84%
Max Initial Sales Charge 5.50%
CDSC 1.00%

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 05/31/2019 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.83
Sharpe Ratio 0.79
Standard Deviation 9.89

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • S&P 500 Index

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