Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -8.62 1.92 -7.27 2.21 3.62
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -8.62 1.92 -7.27 2.21 3.62
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) -0.80 6.61 -0.88 5.22 1.54
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) -0.53 6.35 0.07 6.20 3.75
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception Inception 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -16.08 3.90 -6.02 4.60 3.76
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -16.08 3.90 -6.02 4.60 3.76
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) -14.81 7.21 0.93 7.87 1.32
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) -8.91 7.53 1.86 9.14 3.79

Calendar Year Returns

2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) -20.43 23.11 5.22 -21.85 -14.96 17.25 25.38 -18.65 18.97 44.09
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) -20.43 23.11 5.22 -21.85 -14.96 17.25 25.38 -18.65 18.97 44.09
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) -16.20 32.32 3.16 -14.07 7.21 26.32 9.25 -18.38 24.24 11.72
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) -12.71 29.11 5.18 -15.51 8.28 14.71 18.32 -17.91 24.73 27.93

Cumulative Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 5.47 -8.62 5.87 -31.43 24.37 45.89
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 5.47 -8.62 5.87 -31.43 24.37 45.89
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) 9.56 -0.80 21.16 -4.33 66.37 17.59
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) 8.33 -0.53 20.27 0.35 82.51 47.87
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 YTD 1 Yr 3 Yr 5 Yr 10 Yr Since Inception since 10/14/2008
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) 6.41 -16.08 12.15 -26.70 56.75 47.19
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) 6.41 -16.08 12.15 -26.70 56.75 47.19
MSCI Frontier Markets Index (%) 6.90 -14.81 23.20 4.75 113.31 14.73
MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index (%) 8.09 -8.91 24.32 9.66 139.73 47.55

After-Tax Average Annual Total Returns [further-information] As of 03/31/2019

Month EndAs of 05/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -7.68 2.49 -7.77 1.67
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -4.12 2.16 -5.12 1.84
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -7.68 2.49 -7.77 1.67
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -4.12 2.16 -5.12 1.84
Quarter EndAs of 03/31/2019 1 YR 3 YR 5 YR 10 YR
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) Before Shares Sold -15.22 4.48 -6.53 4.05
Fund without Sales Charge (%) (NAV) After Shares Sold -8.62 3.71 -4.24 3.78
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) Before Shares Sold -15.22 4.48 -6.53 4.05
Fund with Sales Charge (%) (POP) After Shares Sold -8.62 3.71 -4.24 3.78

SALES CHARGE, EXPENSES & FEES As of 04/01/2019 (updated annually)

Gross Expense Ratio 2.06%
Net Expense Ratio [further-information] 1.76%
Max Initial Sales Charge 0.00%
CDSC

Volatility Measures [further-information] As of 05/31/2019 Updated Monthly, based on a 3-year period

Beta 0.76
Sharpe Ratio 0.05
Standard Deviation 12.57

Benchmarks

A benchmark is a comparable broad-based index that can be used to evaluate a fund's performance.

  • MSCI Frontier Markets Index
  • MSCI Frontier Emerging Markets Select Countries Capped Index

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